云作文300字 [云]

【我爱乐趣横生的四季】 乐趣横生什么意思

幽灵行动下载:高考满分作文800字_我就是主角作文

2019年10月21日 02:35


  非谓语动词在英语语法中是很重要的一部分,在英语的使用中占着不可忽略的地位,对分析句子结构有着不可低估的作用。下面就简单地谈一下学习非谓语动词的方法。
  1、非谓语动词的概念
  要想学好非谓语动词,首先得明白什么是非谓语动词。
  英语中的动词有很多形式,如动词原形、动词的第三人称单数形式、一般过去式、动词的ing形式、过去分词和动词不定式。后面三种就是非谓语动词。那么非谓语动词,顾名思义就是不作谓语动词的动词。谓语动词在句子中是不可缺少的,时态、语态和语气都要表示在谓语动词上,说明主语的动作或状态。非谓语动词不是谓语动词,仅补充说明句子或句子的某一成分,居于次要地位。也可以这样说,若一个句子有2个或2个以上的动词,从第2个动词开始就要考虑用某种非谓语动词形式或是与前面的动词并列用并列连词连接。如:
   He likes singing English songs. (划线部分作likes的宾语)
   She smiled and went away. (划线部分为与smiled并列的谓语动词)
   2、非谓语动词的意义
  首先在头脑中明确非谓语动词存在的意义才能实现分析和运用非谓语动词的目的。在句子中用非谓语动词可以简化句子,很多从句和并列的谓语动词都可以用非谓语动词表示出来,使句子结构简短化。如:
   They walked slowly and talked about their past.
   =They walked slowly, talking about their past.
   If he had bee。n given more time, he could have finished the work ahead of time.
   =Given more time, he could have finished the work ahead of time
   They wonder how they can overcome the present difficulties.
  =They wonder how to overcome the present difficulties.
   在英语中主张能用一个单词表示的就不用短语,能用短语表示的就不用句子,非谓语动词及其短语就能实现替代短语和句子的作用。同时,因为有了非谓语动词,可以在写文章时灵活运用简单句、并列句和复合句,使句子结构富于变化,成就一篇优美的文章。
  3、非谓语动词的形式
  粗略地一看,非谓语动词的形式多又杂,使得头脑中一塌糊涂。其实不然,静下心来想一想,能分出这么多的形式一定是有它们存在的道理的。
   学习非谓语动词的形式和用法必须联系谓语动词的时态和语态,两者在称呼说法上有很多相似之处。过去分词只有一个形式很好记,结合谓语动词的被动语态(be+动词的过去分词)就能记住它表示被动或完成的含义,从而也就记住了其形式(done)。
   另外两种非谓语动词(动词不定式和v-ing)的形式要多一些,总体上来说,它们的一般主动式就是它们本身的形式(to do sth,和doing sth)。一般被动式就是将它们本身的形式和被动语态的结构结合起来就形成了to be done和being done。它们的完成主动式(to have done sth,和having done sth,)和完成被动式(to have been done和having been done)就结合谓语动词的完成时态和被动语态来掌握。动词不定式还有进行式(to be doing sth)就结合谓语动词的进行时态来学习。至于所有非谓语动词的否定形式基本上都是在它们前面加not就是了。for/of sb,+to do sth是动词不定式的带有逻辑主语的复合结构。v-ing和过去分词复合结构就是在它们前面直接加上名词、人称代词(v-ing做主语、宾语、状语和过去分词做状语时)或形容词性物主代词、名词所有格(v-ing做主语、宾语时)为其逻辑主语,结合词性能作什么成分去分析掌握。
  4、非谓语动词的含义
  非谓语动词的每种形式的含义须与其谓语动词发生的先后时间进行比较和参考与其逻辑主语的主动、被动关系。每种非谓语动词有自己的基本含义,如:动词不定式的最基本含义是“将要”,即发生在谓语动词之后。v-ing形式表示“主动、正在进行”,与谓语动词基本上是同时发生或紧接着发生。过去分词(done,仅有这一种形式)表示“被动或完成”,即发生在谓语动词之前,与其逻辑主语是被动关系。
   但动词不定式和v-lng的各种具体形式又有不同的含义。
   动词不定式的一般主动式(to do sth)和一般被动式(to be done)是发生在谓语动词之后,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系;进行式(to be doing sth)是与谓语动词基本上同时发生,与其逻辑主语是主动关系(此种形式没有被动式);完成主动式(to have done sth)和完成被动式(to have been done)是发生在谓语动词之前,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系。v-ing的一般主动式(doing sth)和一般被动式(being done)是与谓语动词同时或紧接着发生,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系;完成主动式(having done sth)和完成被动式(being done)是先于谓语动词发生,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系(v-ing的完成被动式不用作定语,此时用过去分词代替,因为他们的含义是一样的,所有以从简的原则来说用过去分词作定语比v-ing的完成被。动式作定语要简单一些)。
   注意:每种非谓语动词的逻辑主语要从整个句子的意思上和结构上去确定。
  5、多分析理解非谓语动词的用法
  在运用非谓语动词的时侯,不仅需考虑它们每种形式的具体含义,还要考虑每种非谓语动词的用法及其固定用法。这就需要学习者不仅要分析学习其基本规律还要积累它们的固定用法和搭配。学习者能耐心细致还要吃苦是非常必要的。非谓语动词具有动词的特点,但在句子中起着名词、形容词、副词等的作用,相应地就可以充当主语、表语、定语、宾语、宾语补足语、状语等的作用。因此在掌握非谓语动词的用法时把它们分别看成相应的词性,也就具有相应词性的一些用法。
   综上所述,要想学好几种非谓语动词的用法,需要当有心人,平时多做笔记,经常整理笔记,理清思路。然后多做比较,多问为什么。在理解他们的用法之后,最重要的一点是多模仿着运用非谓语动词,都进行从句与非谓语动词的相同含义的句型转换,这样你就能很随意地驾驭各种句型了。


  (一)
  
   Stacy had recently moved from New York City to Stoneybrook, Connecticut. It was ___1___ for her to make new friends but she finally had three when she joined the Babysitters Club to ___2___ little children whose parents were busy. Claudia, Kristy, and Mary were in her class at school and also the other ___3___ of the club. The girls met at five o’clock on Fridays and waited for the ___4___ to ring. So far th。ey had been busy, in spite of the ___5___ that they couldn’t stay out late and were under 13.
  ___6___, the girls’ world was invaded by a second group ___7___ themselves the Babysitters Agency. They were ___8___ and the group also included a few boys. The Babysitters Club tried to think of ways to ___9___ with the older group. They could clean and work for less money, however, they ___10___ it would be difficult to compete. The shock was even greater than they had ___11___ when most of their best customers started to call the new group. They ___12___ to get only a few jobs.
   To try a new ___13___ Kristy recruited a few older kids who told the club they didn’t want to ___14___ their money with the other group. The club ___15___ only too quickly that these older girls joined only as spies and didn’t ___16___ for their job assignments. Thus, more parents were ___17___ with the club.
   Finally, the girls realized that the ___18___ in the other group were not good babysitters. They watched television, talked on the phone, and invited boyfriends to the house ___19___ they were sitting. When the children of the families started to ___20___, and a near accident almost occurred, the club went to the parents to tell them what was happening.
  
  1. A. activeB. thoughtfulC. easyD. hard
  2. A. take care of B. run into C. go throughD. take advantage of
  3. A. childrenB. members C. circles D. players
  4. A. alarmB. traffic C. phoneD.neighbor
  5. A. fact B. degree C. questionD. demand
  6. A. ThereforeB. SuddenlyC. RergularlyD. Unwillingly
  7. A. attracting B. finding C. callingD. matching
  8. A. younger B. cleverer C. taller D. older
  9. A. competeB. fight C. do D. meet
  。10. A. heard B. knew C. promised D. shot
  11. A. damaged B. caughtC. expected D. forced
  12. A. hoped B. likedC. refusedD. seemed
  13. A. chanceB. possibility C. power D. policy
  14. A. share B. give C. provideD. mark
  15. A. put downB. paid offC. found out D. come through
  16. A. check upB. end up C. look up D. show up
  17. A. satisfied B. unhappyC. curiousD. helpful
  18. A. kids B. adults C. systems D. situations
  19. A. that B. when C. whereD. how
幽灵行动下载可惜天生个性中的豪放让他生活得并作文http://www.zuowen8.com不舒坦,他的“安能吹眉折腰事权贵”远比不上陶渊明的“不为五斗米折腰&rd。quo;。陶渊明宁愿孤芳自赏,生活贫苦却悠然自乐,但李白没。有这般豁达。总是舍不得他那一肚子的才华。李白,我邀你举杯,你若醉了,至少还能做出让高力士脱靴这样的壮举,至少还能写出“人生得意须尽欢,莫。使金樽空对月”,“长风破浪会有时,直挂云帆济沧海”的豪迈诗篇。你那三百杯的潇洒令我折服,但你若醒了,不能直面现实,总是一错再错。


  她是一位女强人。她的足迹踏遍世界的每一个角落。她就是希拉里·克林顿。从最初参与美国总统的竞选,到后来成为美国的国务卿,再到访问中国,和她旨在消除巴基斯坦国内普遍对美不满情绪的做法,我们对她的认识越来越具体,我们对她的了解也越来越深刻。本期让我们一起来领略这位女强人的传奇生涯:
  
   Hillary was born in Chicago, Illinois. She was brought up in a special family, first in Chicago, and then, from the age of three, in the suburban Park Ridge, Illinois. Her father was born into a Welsh and English family; he run a successful small business in the textile industry. Her mother could speak many dialects and she was a housewife.
   As a kid, Hillary was a fashion in teachers’ eyes at her public schools. She participated in many sports activities, such as swimming, solfball, and other sports. She also got many awards when she was still a student. She attended Maine East High School, where she joined the student council, the school newspaper office, and was selected for the National Honor Society. Since then, she began to realize that women could do the work as well as men.
   When Bill Clinton took office as president in January, 1993, Hillary became the First Lady of the United States, and announced tha。t she would be using this name. She was the first First Lady to have a postgraduate degree and to have her own stable profession. She was also the first one to have an office in the West Wing of the White House in addition to the usual First Lady offices in the East Wing.
   She has been preparing for the election to be president of the United States since early 2003. She stated, “I’m to win.” No woman has ever been nominated by a major party for President in the history of the United States. Although she failed in the final, the numerous speeches she made were so great that they encouraged many people in the world.
   In the mid-November of 2008, President Obama and Hillary discussed the matters concerned of her serving as U.S. Secretary in his administration. On November 21, reports indicated that she had accepted the position. Since then, she has been much busier and visited the world more frequently than before. As a result, Hillary has become a pubic figure.
   In a word, s。he is indeed aunique woman in the world.
  
  希拉里出生于美国伊利诺。伊斯州的芝加哥市。从小她就生活在一个特别的家庭里。首先是在芝加哥,然后从三岁以后,她就在伊利诺伊斯州的郊区公园岭长大。他的父亲出生于一个威尔士和英格兰家庭,经营着一家纺织厂的小生意。她的母亲是个家庭主妇,但会说多种方言。
   当希拉里还是个孩子的时候,她就是公立学校老师们眼中的红人。她参加游泳、垒球和其他体育项目。当她仍是名学生的时候,她就获得了许多奖项。她进入缅因州东高中后,她加入了学生会和校报机构。正是在这所学校她被当选为全国优秀生协会的成员;从那以后,希拉里开始意识到女性可以和男性一样把工作做得很出色。
   当比尔·克林顿在1993年1月当选为美国总统时,希拉里就成了美国的第一夫人。从那时起,她就宣布将一直使用现在这个名字。她是美国第一个具有硕士学位和固定职业的总统夫人。除了在白宫东楼有总统夫人办公室,她还是第一位在白宫西厢里有办公室的总统夫人。
   早在2003年,她就开始准备自己竞选美国总统的活动。她说道“我注定会获胜”在美国历史上没有一位女性被一个党派题名为总统候选人。尽管后来她输给了奥巴马,但是她那不计其数的竞选演讲是如此地鼓舞人心。
   2008年11月中旬,刚当选为总统的奥巴马和希拉里商量国务卿的事宜。11月21日的报告显示出了她同意接受这个职位。从那以后,她比以往更加忙碌,也将更频繁地走访世界各地。因此,希拉里不断成为媒体关注的焦点人物。
   总而言之,她的确是世界上一位非凡的女性。
幽灵行动下载我三步并作两步的跑下楼来,一出楼门我就奔向单杠那边。因为那个低一点的单杠上有许多可爱。的小雪花。我玩着、玩着就时不时的停下来,看一看那些小雪花的样子,看看它们是怎么融化在我的手心里。单杠旁边是一个积满洁白云朵的高大的箱子,我费了好大的劲儿才爬上去,躺在“云海”中仰望着雪花纷纷的飘落,我想的正入迷,突然一。个雪球冲我飞了过,砸中了我的头,我愤怒不已,回头一看居然是张钰皓,我用了一秒钟的时间揉了一个雪球,跳下大箱子,顺着冲击力向前一边跑一边使出全身力气把雪球朝他扔了出去。奥耶!正中目标,足足实实地打在了他的背上,他灰溜溜的逃跑了。

幽灵行动下载:[妈妈我为你骄傲作文]妈妈我为你骄傲作文400字


  Nowadays, quite a few people believe that combatant spirit is essential for one’s success in today’s competitive world. However, some young people t。oday think nothin。g of this spirit which,in their opinion, is only needed in revolutionary age. Even worse, when facin。g the difficulties, they will choose to yield or cower without making any efforts.
  There are many factors resulting in young people’s lack of combatant spirit. Among these, comfortable living environment plays a vital role. Today’s parents provide nearly everything to the children, which results in the children’s lack of motivation for striving on their own. What’s more, the present education system does not pay much attention to help the young people build up the combatant spirit.
  Considering the importance of combatant spirit, I think it is high time to take effective measures to strengthen young people’s combatant spirit. Above all, parents shouldn’t spoil their children and should ask their children to strive for what they intend to obtain. Moreover, schools should build a better environment for students to develop their struggle and aggressive spirit. Besides, young people themselves should adjust their minds and follow the examples of those people in history or around us who achieve their success under the stimulation of combatant spirit. In a word, it is an urgent thing for today’s young people to enhance combatant spirit.幽灵行动下载铅笔先站起来,骄傲地说:“如果小主人没了我,就不能再写字了,所以我最厉害!”就在铅笔正得意的时候,原来还尖尖的笔头突然断了,铅笔尖叫起来:&ldqu。o;怎么回事,怎么回事?”小主人赶紧拿起卷笔刀,又把铅笔给刨尖了。卷笔刀对着铅笔说:“看到没,如果你断了,还得用我来刨你呢!。所。以我最厉害!”

暑假里,老师给我们下。了一道“圣旨”,那就是每人学做。一道家常菜。我想:“这不是在为难我吗?我哪里会做。”然而,老师的话不能不听啊!我。回到家,请妈妈教我,妈妈给我讲了炒菜的要领,我就开始试着做。幽灵行动下载
  1. agree with
  ①表示同意某人或某人的意见、想法、分析、解释等 (即持同一观点):
  They agreed with this idea. 他们同意这个想法。
  ②表示“ (食物、天气、工作等)对…适宜”:
  The we。ather doesnot agree with me. 这种天气对我。不适宜。
  ③表示“与……一致”:
  A verb must agree with its subjectin person and num。ber.
  动词必须和它的主语在人称和数方面保持一致。
  2. agree to
  ①主要用来表示一方提出一项建议、安排、计划等,另一方同意协作:
  We agreed to their arrangement. 我们同意了他们的安排。
  有时 agree to 也可用来表示“答应”一件自己不愿做的事:
  ②后接 suggestion, plan, proposal 等名词时,与 accept 同义:
  Do you think he will agree to (=accept) my suggestion? 你认为他会同意 (接受)我的建议吗?
  ③其后既可接动词原形 (此时to是不定式符号),也可接动名词 (一般有逻辑主语,此时 to是介词):
  I never agreed to Mary marrying him. 我从来没同意玛丽嫁给他。
  3. agree on
  ①主要指双方通过协商而取得一致意见或达成协议:
  Both sides agreedon these terms. 双方都同意这些条件。
  ②后接动名词 (=agree to do sth):
  Mary agreed oncoming [to come] on Monday. 玛丽同意星期一来。

幽灵行动下载:我回家最晚的一天作文教案 我回家最晚的一天作文300字


  Nowadays, many college students show great enthusiasm in participating into campus political activities, such as running for heads of the Students Union or the associations. Campus politics is an i。mportant part of college life.
  College students can benefit a lot from participation in campus politics. Above all, by attending campus political activities, students can develop their practical capabilities, especially management and coordination capacity. Moreover, these activities provide students a stage to show themselves and bring their abilities in。to full play. Besides, campus political activities help strengthen students’ sense of responsibility.
  However, campus politics might brin。g some problems. Too much participation in campus politics might influence study. Besides, some students’being keen on campus politics is for fame and gain, which will influence their health of mentality. Therefore, schools and teachers should give necessary instruction to students on their participation into campus politics.幽灵行动下载
  “I”am the owner of my body and mind. “I”am not the body and mind!
  We have so often heard statements like“My back is hurting” “My leg is aching after the soccer game”.
  We have also heard many times: “I am depressed” “I am angry” “I am hungry” etc. When I say “I am hungry” I really mean that my stomach is hungry, because by saying “I am hungry” it cannot mean my stomach, my shoulder, my arm, my legs, my head etc., are all hungry.
  When I say “I am depressed” it can at best mean only my mind is depressed. When you are angry, when you are depressed, simply say silently in your mind, “It is not me but only my mind is depressed or angry.” The magic of such recitation will cut short the anger and depression.
  I am the owner of my body and mind; I love my body and mind. They are my truest ever friends right from the time I came to this earth, and they will remain with me till I breathe my last breath. To reach within my body, I use my mind. I often ill-treat my body and mind: I often smoke; I often drink; I often have sleepless nights just to complete a work, and I often eat junk food.
  Yet, I am responsible for the state of health of my mind. When I tr。ust my mind—my best friend—and treat it well, when I provide it only with healthy food positive thoughts, I know my mind will do wonders to keep my other friend—my body—in good health.
  Over the years I have learnt, “A healthy mind resides in a healthy body. Then isn’t it true that when I have a healthy mind, my body will in turn remain 。or become healthy”?
  I have found the easy and simple way to keep my mind healthy. I know that my mind needs only healthy and positive thoughts to remain healthy. In turn, I know my healthy mind will keep my body healthy. I know that as I treat m。y best friends well—my body and mind—they give me a life of happiness with good health on a physical, mental, and spiritual level.
  I bow to the power of my inner mind for its boundless power. All the great work that happens through me, I know is because of a level that is far deeper than my conscious level.
  I have realized that humility unleashes the power within me that helps me overcome all difficulties of life with profound ease and a smile.
  “我”是我的身体与心灵的主人“我”并不仅仅就是这身体与心灵!
  我们常常可以听到有人说“我背痛”,“踢完球我的腿很疼”……
  我们也常常听到人们说:“我很压抑”,“我很生气”,“我饿了”等等。当我说“我饿了”的时候,我的意思是说我的胃饿了,因为“我饿了”这句话不可能是说我的胃、肩膀、手臂、腿,还有头等等全都饿了。
  而当我说“我很压抑”时,这句话最多只能理解为我的心感到很压抑。所以,在你感到生气或压抑的时候,你只要在心里静静地对自己说:“感到压抑或者生气的只是我的心罢了,而不是我”这种自我暗示的魔力可以平息心中的怒火,冲淡压抑的感觉。
  我是自己身体和心灵的主宰;我爱惜我的身体与心灵。在我来到地球最初的那一刻,它们就已经是我最真诚的朋友,而且它们将与我同在,直至我完成生命的最后一次呼吸。要探触我身体的最深处,便要运用我的心灵,可是我总是没有好好对待我的身心——老是抽烟、喝酒,为了完成一件工作而彻夜不眠,还常常吃垃圾食品。
  然而,我要对我的心灵健康负责。每当我信赖我的心——我最好的朋友——善待它,并且只用健康的食物(积极向上的思想)喂养它,我知道我这位最好的朋友会产生奇迹,它会让我的另一个好朋友——我的身体——也保持健康。
  这些年来,我懂得了“一颗健康的心灵必定寄寓于一个健康的身体中”这个道理。那么,如果我有一颗健康的心,我的身体也会相应地保持或者变得健康,难道不是这样么?
  我已经找到了让我的心灵保持健康的简单易行的方法。我明白到要让心灵保持健康,其实只需要健康的思想。继而,健康的心灵必定相应地让身体也保持健康。我知道当我善待我最好的朋友——我的身体及心灵之时——它们能为我带来一种身体、心灵及精神层面上的幸福生活。
  我为内心所蕴含的无限力量向我的心灵致敬。我知道发生在我身上的所有美好的事情,都归因于潜藏在比我的意识更深层的地方。
  同时我也认识到,谦虚的态度释放了我心中的力量,这种力量有助于我以极大的从容与微微一笑,去克服生命中一切的艰难险阻。

幽灵行动下载:[生命无价作文] 生命无价作文

我的文学梦是因为什么?是因为偶然的一。次奇遇吗?不经意的一次,一本童话悸动了女孩的心。让她从此深深地爱上了文学,走上了这条路。

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